Training Course on
Leadership & Management For Introducing And Expanding Nuclear Power Programmes
Argonne, Illinois, USA
7–18 November 2011
Developing a nuclear power programme is a major undertaking that involves many complex and interrelated activities with a long duration — usually about 10 to 15 years - leading up to start of operation of the first nuclear power plant. These activities involve, inter alia, planning, preparation and investment in a sustainable infrastructure that provides legal, regulatory, technological, human resources, economical, financial and industrial support to ensure that the programme is developed exclusively for peaceful purposes and in a safe and secure manner.
The increased interest in nuclear power in a significant number of countries has prompted the IAEA to develop a publication titled Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power , which identifies 19 separate, but interrelated and largely interdependent, infrastructural issues to be addressed by a State that is considering the introduction of nuclear power as part of its national energy strategy. This publication provides the necessary guidance to Member States to properly plan their development, with due attention to the necessity of : i) enhancing human resources and infrastructure across a number of areas, ii) establishing an independent and effective regulatory framework, and iii) adhering to relevant international legal instruments. The 19 infrastructural issues can be considered in three broad phases or timelines each with its own milestones, which run from the concept of developing nuclear power in a Member State, to the commissioning and operation of a first nuclear power plant (NPP). The effort required to build a nuclear power infrastructure may vary significantly among countries, depending on the level of political and financial commitment of the country, the nuclear facilities currently being operated and regulated in the country, as well as the nuclear expertise of the main national role players. In this context, realistic strategies and road maps, effective leadership, good management practices and sound procedures that help to preserve nuclear skills and knowledge are key components for a successful nuclear power programme.
A complementary draft Safety Guide entitled DS424 - Establishing the Safety Infrastructure for a Nuclear Power Programme, has been developed to provide guidance to States considering introduction of a nuclear power programme on the actions necessary to establish a safety infrastructure complying with IAEA Safety Standards. Two hundred specific actions in 20 categories are identified. They are divided into broad time phases similar to those identified in the Milestone Document.
Two related training courses that were held in 2009 and 2010 were attended by representatives of more than 20 Member States from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. The courses were an excellent forum for networking among the participating countries. All countries were new to nuclear power, with some more advanced than others. It gave participants the opportunity to review the status and prospects of nuclear power and to discuss necessary actions needed to carry forward the positive momentum of recent years. Those countries further along in the process were able to share their experience with others. The courses were a success in enabling newcomer countries to establish concrete partnerships and/or relationships, which will allow them to work together in the future, and strengthen avenues of information sharing and support as they develop their nuclear power programmes. The IAEA also implemented in 2010, an interregional training course related to the management of safety and security infrastructures while introducing nuclear power. The experiences gained from all these training courses and the lessons emerging from recent nuclear events point to more strategic thinking in organizing leadership and management training events. it was therefore recommended by all stakeholders that collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory on this matter be merged into one single infrastructure training event. It was also agreed that special emphasis in this new training course be given to safety, security and emergency preparedness in strategic planning and implementation of nuclear power infrastructure programme.
This course is therefore planned to be implemented on a yearly basis at Argonne, Illinois, USA, in cooperation with the US Department of State and Department of Energy.
The main objective of this training course is to help decision makers and those responsible for developing and implementing a nuclear programme in emerging nuclear power States obtain knowledge and develop the skills and abilities needed for success in this undertaking. Course activities would revolve around three major inter-related objectives: (i) providing knowledge of 19 issues a State has to consider when establishing a nuclear power programme and the actions necessary to establish the safety infrastructure; (ii) sensitizing participants about the specific processes, organization and management systems related to the nuclear power business; and (iii) further strengthening the networking among emerging nuclear power countries and sharing international and field experiences.
The course is intended to provide guidance and tools to assist the key personnel in the development of the necessary managerial and technical framework to address the various infrastructure issues delineated above. The course will also help to accumulate and disseminate information and guidance that will help Member States to: (i) identify and assess the key issues that affect decisions on the introduction of nuclear power; (ii) establish a management framework for planning, control, implementation, and coordination of a nuclear power project; and establish a safety infrastructure in compliance with international norms. It will also be an excellent opportunity to discuss proven and modern approaches ‘face-to-face’, and to share information on needs, experience and lessons learned from the nuclear industry. In this connection, case studies and presentations on experience and future trends will be also included.
TRAINING SCOPE AND CONTENT
This training Course, planned for two weeks, is intended to provide a broad overview of all the nuclear power management and safety infrastructure concepts and their applications to nuclear power programmes, including the nuclear power plant project. The training is intended for high level people, decision makers etc. leading the project/programme and provides an overview of all the processes and issues and could be viewed as a “Know-What” or “Basic Overview” Training Course. This training course is therefore structured in 2 main aspects divided into the following 13 training modules:
Course Introduction, Nuclear and Policies
Module 01: Energy policies and strategies
Module 02: Fundamentals of Nuclear Technology, Safety and Radiation Protection
Legal, Safety, Security and Safeguard Infrastructure
Module 03 Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Frameworks and International legal instruments
Module 04 Safety infrastructure, Security and Safeguard Considerations
Module 05 Siting, Environmental Considerations, Emergency Preparedness and Response
Other Infrastructure Aspects
Module 06: Stepwise “Milestone” Approach : Considerations, Organization and Evaluation
Module 07 Technology Assessment, Future Designs and Grid considerations
Module 08 Fuel Cycle and Waste Management
Module 09 Construction, Commissioning and Operation
Module 10 Financing, Contracting and Ownership
Module 11 Institutional, Human Resource Development and Nuclear Knowledge Management
Module 12 Stakeholder Involvement and Nuclear Communication
Module 13 Project Management, Integrated Management Systems and Leadership in NP Programme
Visit to a Facility : NPP Training Center / NPP Simulators
Exercise in Infrastructure Development
The above aspects provide an outline of the main considerations with respect to building a nuclear power infrastructure. Special emphasis is placed on safety, security and emergency strategies for nuclear power programmes and the other issues as well as leadership and management of nuclear power infrastructures activities, in the context of the approach presented in the Milestones document and corresponding IAEA Safety Requirements and Guides.
The training course will be conducted as a series of presentations by the IAEA staff, international experts, management and technical specialists of the Argonne National Laboratory, the US nuclear community, and invited participants. The programme will include discussions, review of case studies, peer-to-peer exchange of good practices, and working group sessions on possible solutions to common problems. Each module includes:
I. Presentations on the IAEA Publications and other related documents;
II. Relevant technical presentation from US and international experts;
III. Presentation of case studies and exercises when appropriate.
As Argonne is located near several Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), a visit to one NPP or training would be held (subject to authorization) and some structured discussions with the managers of these plants organized.